Happy Independence Day!
History of the Polish Independence Day
Polish Independence Day is celebrated on November 11. It is known as 'Narodowe Święto Niepodległości' in Polish.
The re-establishment of the Polish state after the end of World War I in 1918 is observed on Polish Independence Day.
Prussia, Austria, and Russia had partitioned Poland for 123 years before 1918.
The partition was abolished on November 11th, 1918, the day the First World War ended, and Poland was declared independence.
The secret departments of the Polish Military Organisation liberated soldiers and legionnaires agitated the Germans in Warsaw and various Polish towns on this date. Józef Pisudski was elected as commander in chief of the Polish forces by the Regency Government, and three days later he was assigned complete civil authority. He established a new centralised government on November 21st, which released major policies, along with an agricultural reform manifesto. In addition, Pisudski created job opportunities and called for parliamentary elections.
In 1937, the 11th of November was declared a national holiday.
The holiday was abolished in 1945, when Poland became a communist dictatorship as a consequence of the Yalta conference, at Stalin's request, following the end of World war.
Independence Day was reintroduced as a national holiday in 1989, after the demise of the Communist government.